Types of Wood Boards

When it comes to woodworking or DIY projects, the type of board you use can make or break your project. Not all boards are created equal, and each type has its own unique properties that make it better suited for certain applications.

In this article, we will explore the different types of wood boards available so that you can easily find the right one for your next project.

A Comprehensive Guide to the Different Types of Wood Boards

Wood boards come in all shapes, sizes, and colors. They are versatile and can be used for a variety of projects, from home construction to simple crafts.


One of the most versatile and widely used types of wood boards is plywood. It’s made by bonding together multiple layers of wood veneer with adhesive.

It is strong and durable and can be used for a variety of applications, including flooring, walls, roofs, and even furniture.

Because plywood comes in multiple thicknesses, it can be useful for both indoor and outdoor projects. The most common types of plywood are CDX (constructed from exterior-grade veneers), interior-grade (made with softer woods like pine), and marine-grade (designed to withstand moisture).


Hardboard is made by compressing wood fibers together under high pressure. It is dense and has a smooth surface, making it ideal for painting or staining.

Types of Wood Boards

Hardboard is also stronger than many other types of wood paneling, which makes it a good choice for high-traffic areas like hallways and entryways. Hardboard panels are available in a variety of thicknesses, but the most common type is ¼ inch thick.

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MDF Board

MDF stands for medium-density fiberboard. It is made from heat-pressed wood fibers that have been combined with resin binders. MDF doesn’t have the same strength and durability as plywood, but it’s smoother and doesn’t have any visible wood grain, making it a good choice for painting or staining. MDF is often used for moldings, trim work, and shelving.

MDF is a better material to use than plywood if you want your project to have curved or intricate designs.

HDF Board

Similar to MDF, HDF is a type of fiberboard made from heat-pressed wood fibers combined with resin binders. However, HDF is denser than MDF and has a more uniform consistency.

HDF is a construction material that is perfect for flooring, furniture, appliances, automobiles, and cabinetry. It can be easily cut to the desired size and thickness, making it a popular choice for these applications.

Particle Board

Particle board is made from wood chips, shavings, and sawdust that are glued together with resin. It’s a cheaper alternative to solid wood boards, but it’s not as strong or durable.

Types of Wood Boards

Particle board is commonly used in many woodworking projects because it can be easily covered with a veneer or laminate for a more polished look. You ideally do not want to use it for high-traffic areas or outdoor projects, as it may not hold up over time.

OSB Board

Oriented strand board (OSB) is made from small pieces of wood that have been glued together under high pressure. It is similar to particle board but has a smoother surface and is much stronger. OSB is often used in the construction of roofs, walls, and floors because it can span long distances without sagging.

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Whether you’re working on a simple DIY project or constructing an entire home, there is a type of wood board that will meet your needs. So take the time to do your research and find the best material for your next project.


When choosing a wood board for your next project, consider the type of application you’ll be using it for.

Plywood is versatile and strong while particle board is inexpensive but not as durable. MDF provides a smooth surface ideal for painting while OSB is often used as flooring underlayment. With so many options available, you’re sure to find the perfect wood board for your needs!